High Blood Pressure

Most of the time, high blood pressure has no obvious symptoms to indicate that something is wrong. 3

High blood pressure (or hypertension) is when your blood pressure, the force of blood owing through your blood vessels, is consistently high. 5

When left untreated, the damage that high blood pressure does to your circulatory system is a significant contributing factor to heart attack, stroke and other health threats. 5

The best way to know if your blood pressure is high, low or normal is to get it checked. 2

High blood pressure cannot be cured, but it can be managed effectively through medication and lifestyle changes. 3


  1. Berry KM, Parker W, Mchiza ZJ, et al. Quantifying unmet need for hypertension care in South Africa through a care cascade: evidence from the SANHANES, 2011-2012. BMJ Glob Health 2017; 2:e000348.
  2. American Heart Association. Health Threats from High Blood Pressure. Available from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/health-threats-from-high-blood-pressure#.WT5yIGh97IU. Accessed 27 April 2020.
  3. American Heart Association. Why High Blood Pressure is a “Silent Killer”? Available from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/why-high-blood-pressure-is-a-silent-killer#. Viewed 27 April 2020.
  4. American Heart Association. Changes You Can Make to Manage High Blood Pressure. Available from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/changes-you-can-make-to-manage-high-blood-pressure#.WT5zHmh97IV. Viewed 27 April 2020.
  5. American Heart Association. The Facts about High Blood Pressure. Available from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/the-facts-about-high-blood-pressure. Viewed 27 April 2020.